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Nat Nanotechnol. 2011 Nov 13;7(1):69-74. doi: 10.1038/nnano.2011.190.

One- and two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities in single crystal diamond.

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Universität des Saarlandes, Fachrichtung 7.2 (Experimentalphysik), 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany.


Diamond is an attractive material for photonic quantum technologies because its colour centres have a number of outstanding properties, including bright single photon emission and long spin coherence times. To take advantage of these properties it is favourable to directly fabricate optical microcavities in high-quality diamond samples. Such microcavities could be used to control the photons emitted by the colour centres or to couple widely separated spins. Here, we present a method for the fabrication of one- and two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavities with quality factors of up to 700 in single crystal diamond. Using a post-processing etching technique, we tune the cavity modes into resonance with the zero phonon line of an ensemble of silicon-vacancy colour centres, and we measure an intensity enhancement factor of 2.8. The controlled coupling of colour centres to photonic crystal microcavities could pave the way to larger-scale photonic quantum devices based on single crystal diamond.

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