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Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Dec;53 Suppl 3:S99-102. doi: 10.1093/cid/cir699.

Chlamydial and gonococcal infections in infants and children.

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  • 1Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, 450 Clarkson Ave, Brooklyn, NY 11203-2098, USA.


The recommendations for the 2010 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines in regard to diagnosis and treatment of gonococcal and Chlamydia trachomatis infections in infants and children are essentially the same as the 2006 guidelines. There are no new data on the diagnosis or treatment of neonatal chlamydial or gonococcal infections. New data on the efficacy of neonatal ocular prophylaxis are limited. Two recent studies from Iran and Brazil suggest that povidone-iodine may not be effective for prevention of chlamydial or gonococcal ophthalmia. Prenatal screening and treatment of pregnant women, which has been demonstrated to be very effective for the prevention of neonatal gonococcal ophthalmia, is the most effective strategy for preventing neonatal chlamydial infection.

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