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Cereb Cortex. 2012 Oct;22(10):2404-14. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhr319. Epub 2011 Nov 10.

Theta phase modulates multiple layer-specific oscillations in the CA1 region.

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Brain Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte 59056, Brazil.


It was recently proposed that fast gamma oscillations (60-150 Hz) convey spatial information from the medial entorhinal cortex (EC) to the CA1 region of the hippocampus. However, here we describe 2 functionally distinct oscillations within this frequency range, both coupled to the theta rhythm during active exploration and rapid eye movement sleep: an oscillation with peak activity at ∼80 Hz and a faster oscillation centered at ∼140 Hz. The 2 oscillations are differentially modulated by the phase of theta depending on the CA1 layer; theta-80 Hz coupling is strongest at stratum lacunosum-moleculare, while theta-140 Hz coupling is strongest at stratum oriens-alveus. This laminar profile suggests that the ∼80 Hz oscillation originates from EC inputs to deeper CA1 layers, while the ∼140 Hz oscillation reflects CA1 activity in superficial layers. We further show that the ∼140 Hz oscillation differs from sharp wave-associated ripple oscillations in several key characteristics. Our results demonstrate the existence of novel theta-associated high-frequency oscillations and suggest a redefinition of fast gamma oscillations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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