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Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Jun;41(6):890-9. doi: 10.1016/j.semarthrit.2011.09.008. Epub 2011 Nov 9.

Short-term and long-term outcome of anti-Jo1-positive patients with anti-Ro52 antibody.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, CHU Rouen, and INSERM U 905, University of Rouen IFRMP, Institute for Biochemical Research, Rouen, France. isabelle.marie@chu-rouen.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aims of the present study were to (1) assess clinical features and long-term outcome in anti-Jo1-positive patients with anti-Ro52 antibody; (2) compare characteristics of anti-Jo1-positive patients with and without anti-Ro52 antibody; and (3) compare features of anti-Ro52-positive patients with and without anti-Jo1 antibody.

METHODS:

The medical records of 89 consecutive anti-Jo1-positive patients with antisynthetase syndrome (ASS) were reviewed; 36 of these patients had coexistent anti-Ro52 antibody. Furthermore, the medical records of 13 consecutive anti-Ro52-positive patients without anti-Jo1 antibody were also reviewed.

RESULTS:

Nine anti-Jo1-positive patients (25%) with anti-Ro-52 antibody achieved remission of ASS, whereas 19 other patients (52.8%) improved and 8 patients (22.2%) worsened their clinical status. Anti-Jo1-positive patients with anti-Ro52 antibody experienced ASS-related complications: interstitial lung disease (n = 28), esophageal dysfunction (n = 9), and joint manifestations (n = 25), including periarticular hydroxyapatite calcifications and erosions of metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints and wrists (n = 3); 7 anti-Ro52-positive patients (19.4%) had cancer. Anti-Jo1-positive patients with anti-Ro52 antibody, compared with those without, more commonly experienced deterioration of myositis and joint involvement, symptomatic form of ILD, and cancer; they also had decreased survival rate (P = 0.05). We further found that anti-Ro52-positive patients with anti-Jo1 antibody, compared with those without, were younger and more frequently exhibited ILD with poorer prognosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our series underlines that the presence of anti-Ro52 antibody is associated with a particular phenotype of ASS, leading to more severe myositis and joint impairment. Moreover, the coexistence of anti-Ro52 antibody seems to be associated with an increased risk of cancer. We therefore suggest that anti-Jo1-positive patients should routinely undergo the search for anti-Ro52 antibody, as this autoantibody appears to impact patients' prognosis.

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