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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2012 Feb;95(2):275-82. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2011.08.029. Epub 2011 Nov 9.

Metabolic syndrome in adult cancer survivors: a meta-analysis.

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Total Healthcare Center, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.



Cross-sectional studies have reported inconsistent findings on whether the risk of metabolic syndrome is high among cancer survivors. We conducted a meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies.


We searched MEDLINE (PubMed) and EMBASE in April 2010. Two evaluators independently reviewed and selected articles, based on pre-determined selection criteria.


Out of 257 articles meeting our initial criteria, 9 cross-sectional studies, which involved 6763 participants (1762 cases and 5001 controls) were included in the final analysis. Compared with the healthy control groups, the cancer survivors were at an increased risk of metabolic syndrome, in the random-effects meta-analysis of all 9 cross-sectional studies (OR=1.84; 95% CI=1.14-2.97; I(2)=80.5). In the subgroup meta-analysis by cancer type, a significant positive association was observed for hematologic malignancies, including ALL (acute lymphoblastic leukemia), AML (acute myelogenous leukemia), NHL (non-Hodgkin's lymphoma), and CML (chronic myelogenous leukemia) (OR=1.94; 95% CI=1.06-3.55; I(2)=68.1%), whereas no significant association was found for non-hematologic malignancies, including testicular tumor, prostate cancer, sarcoma, and epithelial ovarian cancer.


Our meta-analyses of cross-sectional studies found that adult cancer survivors with hematologic malignancies were at an increased risk of metabolic syndrome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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