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J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2012 Oct;19(8):715-21. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2850.2011.01806.x. Epub 2011 Oct 27.

Mental health promotion of Iranian university students: the effect of self-esteem and health locus of control.

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Public Health Department, School of Health, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Khorasan Razavi, Iran.


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of self-esteem and health control belief on promoting students' mental health. In so doing, 144 students from two medical universities in the north-east of Iran were recruited into study. They were pair-matched and randomly assigned to case and control groups. The data were collected through Goldberg's General Health Questionnaire-28, Multidimensional Health Locus of Control and Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scales. The results showed that there were significant differences between the groups before and after the intervention. The external components of health locus of control (chance and powerful others) showed a significant decrease but the internal health locus of control and self-esteem revealed a significant increase after the intervention (P < 0.0001). Moreover, the students' mental health had a significant increase after 3 months of intervention (P < 0.0001). The findings emphasize that the programme can improve the health locus of control beliefs, self-esteem and mental health promotion of the students. This will require additional monitoring and uninterrupted attempts to be effective.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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