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World J Surg Oncol. 2011 Nov 11;9:148. doi: 10.1186/1477-7819-9-148.

Laparoscopic low anterior resection for hematogenous rectal metastasis from gastric adenocarcinoma: a case report.

Author information

1
Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Gwangju, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the world and is the second most common cause of cancer-related death in Korea. Colorectal metastases from gastric adenocarcinoma are known to be very rare. We report an unusual case of rectal metastasis of gastric adenocarcinoma.

CASE PRESENTATION:

We report a case of a 43-year-old female patient with gastric cancer who first presented with epigastric pain. The endoscopic and radiologic findings were suggestive of Borrmann type III advanced gastric cancer with linitis plastica. Radical total gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection was performed. The pathology report was AJCC TNM Stage II gastric adenocarcinoma (T3N0M0). On follow up at 34 months after surgery, the patient complained of difficulty in defecation. On colonoscopy, a hard, indurated extraluminal mass was detected 7 cm proximal to the anal verge. The biopsy demonstrated chronic nonspecific colitis. Abdominal CT, rectal MRI and PET-CT revealed rectal metastasis from gastric cancer. Laparoscopic ultralow anterior resection with diverting ileostomy was performed. The pathology report was metastatic adenocarcinoma, and this diagnosis was identical to the gastric pathology reported in the previous pathology report. The patient was discharged after the 11th postoperative day with no adverse events.

CONCLUSION:

Rectal metastasis from gastric cancer is known to be very rare. However, metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis for patients presenting with a colorectal mass and a past history of gastric cancer.

PMID:
22074191
PMCID:
PMC3230135
DOI:
10.1186/1477-7819-9-148
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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