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Biomed Chromatogr. 1990 Jul;4(4):136-40.

Determination of individual bile acids in serum by high performance liquid chromatography.

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National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia.


A high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for analysis of 4 free and 8 conjugated bile acids in submicromolar quantities in serum is described using precolumn derivatization with 4-bromomethyl-7-methoxycoumarin (BMC) and fluorescence detection. Bile acids were extracted from serum with 0.4 M sodium bicarbonate, adsorbed onto a Sep-Pak C18 cartridge and eluted with methanol. The extract was derivatized with BMC in acetonitrile using 18-crown-6 crown ether as catalyst and the BMC labelled glycine conjugates and free bile acids were analysed using acetonitrile + methanol + water gradient elution and detection at 320/385 nm. Using a novel and simple approach, taurine conjugates were isolated by extracting the dried, derivatized material with water, in contrast to previous methods which required column chromatography cleanup to isolate the taurine conjugates prior to derivatization. The isolated taurine conjugates were then hydrolysed enzymatically, extracted, derivatized and analysed as free-bile acids. Recoveries of individual bile acids varied from 83-96% for free and glycine conjugates and 72-83% for taurine conjugates. Coefficients of variation were in the range of 5.1-12.5%. In addition to the simpler and shorter procedure for taurine conjugates, this method has increased sensitivity over most other procedures and improved HPLC separation for the various bile acids and conjugates with equivalent recovery and reproducibility compared with other published methods.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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