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Surg Today. 2012 Feb;42(3):303-5. doi: 10.1007/s00595-011-0036-1. Epub 2011 Nov 10.

Off-the-job training for VATS employing anatomically correct lung models.

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Department of Thoracic Surgery, Fukuoka University, School of Medicine, Jonan-ku, Nanakuma, 45-1 7-chome, Fukuoka, 814-0180, Japan.


We evaluated our simulated major lung resection employing anatomically correct lung models as "off-the-job training" for video-assisted thoracic surgery trainees. A total of 76 surgeons voluntarily participated in our study. They performed video-assisted thoracic surgical lobectomy employing anatomically correct lung models, which are made of sponges so that vessels and bronchi can be cut using usual surgical techniques with typical forceps. After the simulation surgery, participants answered questionnaires on a visual analogue scale, in terms of their level of interest and the reality of our training method as off-the-job training for trainees. We considered that the closer a score was to 10, the more useful our method would be for training new surgeons. Regarding the appeal or level of interest in this simulation surgery, the mean score was 8.3 of 10, and regarding reality, it was 7.0. The participants could feel some of the real sensations of the surgery and seemed to be satisfied to perform the simulation lobectomy. Our training method is considered to be suitable as an appropriate type of surgical off-the-job training.

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