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Toxins (Basel). 2011 Aug;3(8):1038-64. doi: 10.3390/toxins3081038. Epub 2011 Aug 22.

Modes of action of microbially-produced phytotoxins.

Author information

1
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Natural Products Utilization Research Unit, P. O. Box 8048, MS 38677, USA. Stephen.Duke@ars.usda.gov

Erratum in

  • Toxins (Basel). 2012;4(10):955.

Abstract

Some of the most potent phytotoxins are synthesized by microbes. A few of these share molecular target sites with some synthetic herbicides, but many microbial toxins have unique target sites with potential for exploitation by the herbicide industry. Compounds from both non-pathogenic and pathogenic microbes are discussed. Microbial phytotoxins with modes of action the same as those of commercial herbicides and those with novel modes of action of action are covered. Examples of the compounds discussed are tentoxin, AAL-toxin, auscaulitoxin aglycone, hydantocidin, thaxtomin, and tabtoxin.

KEYWORDS:

antibiotic; herbicide; phytotoxin

PMID:
22069756
PMCID:
PMC3202864
DOI:
10.3390/toxins3081038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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