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Toxins (Basel). 2010 Apr;2(4):593-612. doi: 10.3390/toxins2040593. Epub 2010 Apr 5.

Biological profile of erucin: a new promising anticancer agent from cruciferous vegetables.

Author information

1
Foundation "Prof. Antonio Imbesi", Pharmaco-Biological Department, School of Pharmacy, University of Messina/Villaggio Annunziata, 98168 Messina, Italy. amelchini@pharma.unime.it

Abstract

Consumption of cruciferous vegetables has been associated with a reduced risk in the development of various types of cancer. This has been attributed to the bioactive hydrolysis products that are derived from these vegetables, namely isothiocyanates. Erucin is one such product derived from rocket salads, which is structurally related to sulforaphane, a well-studied broccoli-derived isothiocyanate. In this review, we present current knowledge on mechanisms of action of erucin in chemoprevention obtained from cell and animal models and relate it to other isothiocyanates. These mechanisms include modulation of phase I, II and III detoxification, regulation of cell growth by induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, induction of ROS-mechanisms and regulation androgen receptor pathways.

KEYWORDS:

anticancer agents; erucin; isothiocyanates; rocket salads

PMID:
22069601
PMCID:
PMC3153205
DOI:
10.3390/toxins2040593
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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