Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Dis Colon Rectum. 2011 Dec;54(12):1542-6. doi: 10.1097/DCR.0b013e31822b71eb.

Scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomy: a novel technique.

Author information

1
Division of Colorectal Surgery, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Laparoscopic surgery has become a favorable alternative to conventional open surgery for the creation of intestinal stomas, and it offers many benefits including reduced postoperative pain, ileus, and hospital stay. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery has been described for many abdominal operations. It may offer better cosmetic outcomes and reduce incisional pain, adhesions, and recovery time.

OBJECTIVE:

In this study, we aimed to describe a novel technique of scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomy for fecal diversion and to report our experience with 8 patients who underwent this procedure within a 1-year period.

DESIGN:

This study was designed as a retrospective case series.

SETTINGS:

This investigation was conducted at a single-institution, tertiary referral center.

PATIENTS:

Eight consecutive patients undergoing scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomy between August 2009 and August 2010 were included.

INTERVENTION:

Scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomies were performed.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Among the outcomes measured were operation time, intraoperative blood loss, recovery of intestinal function, length of hospital stay, and surgical complications.

RESULTS:

Seven patients underwent surgery for active Crohn's disease refractory to medical therapy. One patient underwent surgery for radiation-induced rectovesical fistula. Median surgery time was 76 minutes, and median intraoperative blood loss was 10 mL. Median length of postoperative hospitalization was 7 days. Of the 8 patients included in our series, 2 patients (25%) required reoperation for stoma ischemia because of vascular congestion that we attribute to a tight fascial opening or extensive bowel manipulation. Other surgical complications included nonoperative readmission for ileus and partial small-bowel obstruction (n = 2), anal dilation to evacuate an obstructed distal colon (n = 1), and peristomal cellulitis (n = 1).

LIMITATIONS:

This study was limited by its small sample size and its retrospective nature.

CONCLUSION:

Scarless single-incision laparoscopic loop ileostomy is a feasible alternative to standard laparoscopy for fecal diversion. Surgeons attempting this technique should do so with caution, given the high stoma ischemia rate in our small case series.

PMID:
22067183
DOI:
10.1097/DCR.0b013e31822b71eb
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center