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Lymphat Res Biol. 2011;9(3):159-67. doi: 10.1089/lrb.2011.0011.

Surgical management of lymphedema: past, present, and future.

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Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10065, USA.


Recent advances in surgical management of lymphedema have provided options for patients who have failed conservative management with manual lymphatic massage and/or compression garments. The purpose of this review is to provide a historical background to the surgical treatment of lymphedema and how these options have evolved over time. In addition, we aim to delineate the various types of surgical approaches available, indications for surgery, and reported outcomes. Our goal is to increase awareness of these options and foster research to improve their outcomes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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