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J Korean Surg Soc. 2011 Aug;81(2):96-103. doi: 10.4174/jkss.2011.81.2.96. Epub 2011 Aug 3.

Is the critical pathway effective for the treatment of gastric cancer?

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1
Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The present study was conducted to investigate the low compliance rate of the critical pathway (CP) and whether CP is effective for treatment of gastric cancer in radical gastrectomy.

METHODS:

The medical records of 631 patients who had undergone radical gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection were reviewed. This study compared data from patients in early gastric cancer (EGC) and advanced gastric cancer (AGC) groups, which were further subdivided into general care (non-CP) and CP groups.

RESULTS:

The mean length of preoperative hospital stays were significantly different between the EGC and AGC patients (P < 0.05). However, there was no difference in the mean length of postoperative hospital stays between non-CP and CP groups among either EGC patients or AGC patients (P > 0.05). The postoperative and total cost of hospitalization was not statistically different between either of the groups (P > 0.05); however, the mean preoperative costs were significantly different (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

We conclude that use of the CP following gastrectomy is unnecessary. To decrease the length of hospital stay and associated costs, preoperative examination and consultation should be performed before admission.

KEYWORDS:

Critical pathways; Fast-track; Gastrectomy; Stomach neoplasms

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