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Aesthet Surg J. 2011 Nov;31(8):874-90. doi: 10.1177/1090820X11424146.

The minimal access deep plane extended vertical facelift.

Author information

1
North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Modern facelift techniques have benefited from a "repopularization" of shorter incisions, limited skin elevation, and more limited dissection of the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) and platysma in order to shorten postoperative recovery times and reduce surgical risks for patients.

OBJECTIVES:

The authors describe their minimal access deep plane extended (MADE) vertical vector facelift, which is a hybrid technique combining the optimal features of the deep plane facelift and the short scar, minimal access cranial suspension (MACS) lift.

METHODS:

The authors retrospectively reviewed the case records of 181 patients who underwent facelift procedures performed by the senior author (AAJ) during a two year period between March 2008 and March 2010. Of those patients, 153 underwent facelifting with the MADE vertical technique. With this technique, deep plane dissection releases the zygomatico-cutaneous ligaments, allowing for more significant vertical motion of the midface and jawline during suspension. Extended platysmal dissection was utilized with a lateral platysmal myotomy, which is not traditionally included in a deep plane facelift. The lateral platysmal myotomy allowed for separation of the vertical vector of suspension in the midface and jawline from the superolateral vector of suspension that is required for neck rejuvenation, obviating the need for additional anterior platysmal surgery.

RESULTS:

The average age of the patients was 57.8 years. The average length of follow-up was 12.7 months. In 69 consecutive patients from this series, average vertical skin excision measured 3.02 cm on each side of the face at the junction of the pre auricular and temporal hair tuft incision (resulting in a total excision of 6.04 cm of skin). Data from the entire series revealed a revision rate of 3.9%, a hematoma rate of 1.9%, and a temporary facial nerve injury rate of 1.3%.

CONCLUSIONS:

The common goal of all facelifting procedures is to provide a long-lasting, natural, balanced, rejuvenated aesthetic result with few complications and minimal downtime. The MADE vertical facelift fulfills these criteria and often yields superior results in the midface and neck areas, where many short scar techniques fail. Furthermore, this procedure can be performed under local anesthesia, which is a benefit to both patients and surgeons.

PMID:
22065880
DOI:
10.1177/1090820X11424146
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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