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J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2012 Mar;21(3):423-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2011.08.053. Epub 2011 Nov 6.

Treatment of clavicle fractures: current concepts review.

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1
Steadman Philippon Research Institute, Vail, CO 81657, USA. drmillett@steadmanclinic.com

Abstract

Clavicle fractures are common in adults and children. Most commonly, these fractures occur within the middle third of the clavicle and exhibit some degree of displacement. Whereas many midshaft clavicle fractures can be treated nonsurgically, recent evidence suggests that more severe fracture types exhibit higher rates of symptomatic nonunion or malunion. Although the indications for surgical fixation of midshaft clavicle fractures remain controversial, they appear to be broadening. Most fractures of the medial or lateral end of the clavicle can be treated nonsurgically if fracture fragments remain stable. Surgical intervention may be required in cases of neurovascular compromise or significant fracture displacement. In children and adolescents, these injuries mostly consist of physeal separations, which have a large healing potential and can therefore be managed conservatively. Current concepts of clavicle fracture management are discussed including surgical indications, techniques, and results.

PMID:
22063756
DOI:
10.1016/j.jse.2011.08.053
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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