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Eur J Dermatol. 2012 Jan-Feb;22(1):111-6. doi: 10.1684/ejd.2011.1576.

Self-reported psoriasis severity and quality of life assessment at Comano spa.

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Health Services Research Unit, IRCCS, Via Monti di Creta 104, 00167 Rome, Italy.


The relationship between quality of life (QoL) and skin lesion improvement due to psoriasis treatment has been recently underlined. Our objective was to study the self-reported disease severity reduction and QoL during spa treatments and identify predictors of psoriasis improvement. Patients were assessed before and after spa treatment with a disease-specific QoL questionnaire (Skindex-17) and self-administered psoriasis area and severity index (SAPASI). Their correlations were tested. Factors predicting a reduction in Skindex-17 or in SAPASI score were evaluated through regression analysis. Significant mean overall reductions in SAPASI (27%) and Skindex-17 scores (psychosocial: 6%; symptoms: 2%) were achieved. However, 51% of patients reporting SAPASI improvement also reported a worsened QoL. Pearson's correlation between the SAPASI and Skindex-17 scores was poor (r=0.26 for SAPASI-symptoms and r=0.40 for SAPASI-psychosocial). Logistic regression analysis identified the age of psoriasis onset before 30 years (OR=3.81, 95% CI 1.22-11.95, p=0.02) and a basal Skindex-17 symptoms value greater than 5 (OR=3.37, 95% CI 1.12-10.08, p=0.03) as predictive of both SAPASI and Skindex-17 score reductions. Age-of-onset-based stratification identifies the subset most likely to respond to spa treatment. Combining the Skindex-17 with SAPASI provides a more comprehensive patient-centered assessment. We recommend this assessment for psoriasis patients undergoing spa treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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