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Cardiol Clin. 2011 Nov;29(4):515-27. doi: 10.1016/j.ccl.2011.08.004.

Left ventricular assist device driveline infections.

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  • 1Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Cardiac Surgery, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.


This article reviews some important aspects of driveline infection in patients under left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support, including epidemiology, causes, diagnosis, and treatment options, both medical and surgical. Focus is placed on prevention along every aspect of the process of LVAD therapy, as the authors believe this is the most efficient measure to fight driveline infections. Once driveline infection is present, early recognition and adequate treatment, including surgical measures, play a central role management, and are key to achieving the goals of LVAD support.

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