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Meat Sci. 2006 Mar;72(3):486-95. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2005.08.016. Epub 2005 Oct 21.

The influence of breed and mh-genotype on carcass conformation, meat physico-chemical characteristics, and the fatty acid profile of muscle from yearling bulls.

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1
Servicio Regional de Investigación y Desarrollo Agroalimentario (S.E.R.I.D.A.). Apdo. 13 - 33300 Villaviciosa, Asturias, Spain.

Abstract

The influence of breed and mh-genotype on carcass conformation, meat physico-chemical characteristics and the fatty acid profile of muscle were studied. Samples from 16 yearling bulls from "Asturiana de los Valles" (AV, n=12) and "Asturiana de la Montaña" (AM, n=4) were collected. AV animals were classified into three groups according to the presence of the gene causing double-muscling (AV double-muscled (mh/mh), n=4; AV heterozygous (mh/+), n=4; AV normal (+/+), n=4). Double-muscled animals displayed better carcass traits, lower total fat (comprised of subcutaneous (SC), intermuscular (IT) and intramuscular (IM) deposits), higher lean, moisture and drip loss, and lighter meat than AV normal animals. Heterozygous animals showed intermediate characteristics. AM animals, being a more rustic and smaller breed, showed lower conformation, higher total fat (SC, IT and IM), lower moisture and darker meat. According to the intramuscular fatty acid profile, mh/mh animals showed a lower proportion of SFA and MUFA, and a higher proportion of PUFA with an equal proportion of CLA in total fatty acid content. The P/S ratio increased with increasing number of mh alleles (or double-muscling character), while no differences between animal groups were found for the n-6/n-3 ratio.

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