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Meat Sci. 2007 Aug;76(4):604-10. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.01.021. Epub 2007 Feb 17.

Evaluation of the antioxidant potential of grape seed and bearberry extracts in raw and cooked pork.

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Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, National University of Ireland, Western Road, Cork, Ireland.


The effect of grape seed extract (GSE) and bearberry (BB), on lipid oxidation (TBARS, mg malondialdehyde (MDA)/kg muscle), colour (CIE 'a' redness value), pH, microbial status (log(10)CFU colony forming units/g pork) and sensorial properties of cooked pork patties was investigated. GSE (0-1000μg/g muscle) and BB (0-1000μg/g muscle) were added to raw pork (M. longissimus dorsi) patties which were stored in modified atmosphere packs (MAP) (75% O(2):25% CO(2)) for up to 12 days at 4°C. Cooked pork patties were stored in MAP (70% N(2):30% CO(2)) for up to 4 days at 4°C. Mesophilic plate counts and pork pH were unaffected by GSE and BB. GSE and BB addition decreased (P<0.05) lipid oxidation (TBARS) in raw pork patties on days 9 and 12 of storage, relative to controls. Antioxidant activity of GSE and BB was observed in cooked pork patties demonstrating the thermal stability of GSE and BB. The 'a' redness values of raw and cooked pork patties marginally increased with increasing GSE concentration. The sensory properties of cooked pork patties were unaffected by GSE and BB addition. Results obtained demonstrate the potential for using health promoting nutraceuticals in meat and meat products.

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