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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2011 Sep;84(3 Pt 2):036208. Epub 2011 Sep 16.

Cluster synchrony in systems of coupled phase oscillators with higher-order coupling.

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Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Colorado at Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA.


We study the phenomenon of cluster synchrony that occurs in ensembles of coupled phase oscillators when higher-order modes dominate the coupling between oscillators. For the first time, we develop a complete analytic description of the dynamics in the limit of a large number of oscillators and use it to quantify the degree of cluster synchrony, cluster asymmetry, and switching. We use a variation of the recent dimensionality-reduction technique of Ott and Antonsen [Chaos 18, 037113 (2008)] and find an analytic description of the degree of cluster synchrony valid on a globally attracting manifold. Shaped by this manifold, there is an infinite family of steady-state distributions of oscillators, resulting in a high degree of multistability in the cluster asymmetry. We also show how through external forcing the degree of asymmetry can be controlled, and suggest that systems displaying cluster synchrony can be used to encode and store data.


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