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Annu Rev Genet. 2011;45:41-59. doi: 10.1146/annurev-genet-110410-132507.

Genetics and control of tomato fruit ripening and quality attributes.

Author information

1
University of Florida, Horticultural Sciences, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA. hjklee@ifas.ufl.edu

Abstract

Tomato ripening is a highly coordinated developmental process that coincides with seed maturation. Regulated expression of thousands of genes controls fruit softening as well as accumulation of pigments, sugars, acids, and volatile compounds that increase attraction to animals. A combination of molecular tools and ripening-affected mutants has permitted researchers to establish a framework for the control of ripening. Tomato is a climacteric fruit, with an absolute requirement for the phytohormone ethylene to ripen. This dependence upon ethylene has established tomato fruit ripening as a model system for study of regulation of its synthesis and perception. In addition, several important ripening mutants, including rin, nor, and Cnr, have provided novel insights into the control of ripening processes. Here, we describe how ethylene and the transcription factors associated with the ripening process fit together into a network controlling ripening.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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