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Mens Sana Monogr. 2007 Jan;5(1):15-25. doi: 10.4103/0973-1229.32145.

The ICMJE and URM: Providing Independent Advice for the Conduct of Biomedical Research and Publication.

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Editor, Medical Journal of Australia and Member of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), Australia.


The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) is a working group of editors of selected medical journals that meets annually. Founded in Vancouver, Canada, in 1978, it currently consists of 11 member journals and a representative of the US National Library of Medicine. The major purpose of the Committee is to address and provide guidance for the conduct and publishing of biomedical research and the ethical tenets underpinning these activities. This advice is detailed in the Committee's Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication (URM).Recently, the ICMJE has adopted an interventionist role to ensure transparency of conflict of interest revelations in the conduct and publication of industry supported research. It also pursues a policy for the lodgement with trial registries of specified details of Phase III clinical trials. Failure to comply would jeopardise publication of trial outcomes in ICMJE member journals. This policy has resulted in the coming on stream of trial registries, international agreement on trial minimal datasets and compliance with trial registration requirements.


Biomedical Research; Editorial Freedom; ICMJE; Industry Influence; Issues In Ethical Research; Trial Registries; URM; Vancouver Group

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