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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2012 Sep;62(Pt 9):2097-106. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.031864-0. Epub 2011 Nov 4.

Granulicella arctica sp. nov., Granulicella mallensis sp. nov., Granulicella tundricola sp. nov. and Granulicella sapmiensis sp. nov., novel acidobacteria from tundra soil.

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Finnish Forest Research Institute, Eteläranta 55, FI-96300 Rovaniemi, Finland.


Four aerobic bacteria, designated MP5ACTX2(T), MP5ACTX8(T), MP5ACTX9(T) and S6CTX5A(T), were isolated from tundra soil of north-western Finland (69° 03' N 20° 50' E). Cells of all isolates were Gram-negative, non-motile rods. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that they belonged to the genus Granulicella of subdivision 1 of the phylum Acidobacteria 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the new isolates and the type strains of Granulicella aggregans, Granulicella paludicola, Granulicella pectinivorans and Granulicella rosea ranged from 94 to 99 %. Analysis of the RNA polymerase beta subunit (rpoB) gene sequence indicated that the isolates represented novel species of the genus Granulicella (<92 % rpoB sequence similarity between the isolates and members of the genus Granulicella). This was also confirmed by low DNA-DNA relatedness (31 %) between strain S6CTX5A(T) and the type strain of G. pectinivorans, which exhibited 99.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and 91.7 % rpoB gene sequence similarity. The isolates grew at pH 3.5-6.5 and at 4-26 °C. Sugars were the preferred growth substrates. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C(15 : 0), C(16 : 1)ω7c and C(16 : 0) and the major isoprenoid quinone was MK-8. The DNA G+C content was 56-60 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic analysis and chemotaxonomic and physiological data, the isolates represent four novel species of the genus Granulicella, for which the names Granulicella arctica MP5ACTX2(T) (= ATCC BAA-1858(T) = DSM 23128(T)), Granulicella mallensis MP5ACTX8(T) (= ATCC BAA-1857(T) = DSM 23137(T)), Granulicella tundricola MP5ACTX9(T) (ATCC BAA-1859(T) = DSM 23138(T)) and Granulicella sapmiensis S6CTX5A(T) (= LMG 26174(T) = DSM 23136(T)) are proposed. An emended description of the genus Granulicella is also presented.

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