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Bioinformatics. 2012 Jan 1;28(1):25-31. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btr606. Epub 2011 Nov 3.

Large-scale motif discovery using DNA Gray code and equiprobable oligomers.

Author information

1
Department of Intelligence Science and Technology, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.

Abstract

MOTIVATION:

How to find motifs from genome-scale functional sequences, such as all the promoters in a genome, is a challenging problem. Word-based methods count the occurrences of oligomers to detect excessively represented ones. This approach is known to be fast and accurate compared with other methods. However, two problems have hampered the application of such methods to large-scale data. One is the computational cost necessary for clustering similar oligomers, and the other is the bias in the frequency of fixed-length oligomers, which complicates the detection of significant words.

RESULTS:

We introduce a method that uses a DNA Gray code and equiprobable oligomers, which solve the clustering problem and the oligomer bias, respectively. Our method can analyze 18 000 sequences of ~1 kbp long in 30 s. We also show that the accuracy of our method is superior to that of a leading method, especially for large-scale data and small fractions of motif-containing sequences.

AVAILABILITY:

The online and stand-alone versions of the application, named Hegma, are available at our website: http://www.genome.ist.i.kyoto-u.ac.jp/~ichinose/hegma/

CONTACT:

ichinose@i.kyoto-u.ac.jp; o.gotoh@i.kyoto-u.ac.jp

PMID:
22057160
PMCID:
PMC3244767
DOI:
10.1093/bioinformatics/btr606
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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