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Am J Nephrol. 2011;34(6):512-8. doi: 10.1159/000333045. Epub 2011 Nov 1.

Kidney function decline in the elderly: impact of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2).

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  • 1San Francisco VA Medical Center, Calif., USA.



Whether lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) levels are associated with kidney function decline has not been well studied.


We investigated associations of Lp-PLA(2) antigen and activity with kidney function decline and rapid decline over 5.7 years in the Cardiovascular Health Study (n = 4,359). We estimated kidney function by cystatin C (eGFRcys) in repeated measures, and defined rapid decline as ≥3 ml/min/1.73 m(2) per year. We stratified by baseline preserved GFR (≥60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)).


Mean age was 72 ± 5 years. Average eGFRcys decline was -1.79 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (SD = 2.60) per year. Among persons with preserved GFR, compared to the lowest quartile of Lp-PLA(2) antigen, eGFRcys decline was faster among persons in the second, β -0.31 (95% CI -0.52, -0.10), third -0.19 (-0.41, 0.02) and fourth quartiles -0.26 (-0.48, -0.04) after full adjustment. Persons in the highest quartile of Lp-PLA(2) antigen had increased odds of rapid decline 1.34 (1.03, 1.75), compared to the lowest. There was no significant association between levels of Lp-PLA(2) activity and eGFRcys decline or rapid decline. Associations were not statistically significant among persons with low eGFR (<60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) at baseline.


Higher levels of Lp-PLA(2) antigen but not activity were significantly associated with faster rates of kidney function decline. These findings may suggest a novel vascular pathway for kidney disease progression.

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