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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1990 Oct;71(4):994-1002.

Treatment with a somatostatin analog decreases pancreatic B-cell and whole body sensitivity to glucose.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle.

Abstract

To determine the specific alteration in B-cell function caused by a somatostatin analog in man and to determine the effect of the induced insulin deficiency on insulin action, we administered octreotide (SMS 201-995; 50 micrograms twice daily) to nine healthy male subjects, aged 24-35 yr. B-Cell function was assessed by measuring the acute insulin response (AIR) to glucose (AIRglucose) at fasting glucose and to arginine (AIRarg) at glucose concentrations of fasting, approximately 14 and more than 28 mM after 2 (n = 7) and 8 days (n = 9) of octreotide. The AIRarg at more than 28 mM glucose (AIR500) is an estimate of B-cell secretory capacity, while the glucose level at which 50% of AIR500 occurs is termed PG50 and can provide an estimate of B-cell glucose sensitivity. Insulin sensitivity and the parameters describing glucose disposal were measured using Bergman's minimal model. Octreotide administration resulted in the development of mild fasting hyperglycemia, marked fasting hypoinsulinemia, as well as a marked reduction in AIRglucose [mean +/- SE; pretreatment, 260 +/- 48 pM; 1 day, 62 +/- 14 pM (P less than 0.005 vs. pretreatment); 8 days, 62 +/- 7 pM (P less than 0.005 vs. pretreatment)]. In addition, there was an associated marked reduction in iv glucose tolerance. While the AIRarg at fasting glucose (pretreatment, 233 +/- 27 pM; 2 days, 144 +/- 27 pM; 8 days 281 +/- 55 pM) and AIR500 (pretreatment 1000 +/- 178 pM; 2 days, 651 +/- 82 pM; 8 days, 1041 +/- 219 pM) remained unchanged, the AIRarg at 14 mM decreased significantly during octreotide [pretreatment 986 +/- 178 pM; 2 days, 363 +/- 62 pM (P less than 0.001 vs. pretreatment); 8 days, 623 +/- 130 pM (P less than 0.005 vs. pretreatment)], resulting in a rightward shift of the dose-response curve such that the estimated PG50 increased from 8.8 +/- 0.6 to 12.9 +/- 1.3 mM (P less than 0.05) after 2 days and was maintained for 8 days (11.2 +/- 0.8 mM; P less than 0.05 vs. pretreatment). Despite the development of marked insulin deficiency, the insulin sensitivity index (SI) did not change significantly (pretreatment, 11.34 +/- 1.59 x 10(-5); 1 day, 10.01 +/- 2.28 x 10(-5); 7 days, 9.65 +/- 1.69 x 10(-5) min-1/pM).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

PMID:
2205630
DOI:
10.1210/jcem-71-4-994
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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