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Med Intensiva. 2012 Aug-Sep;36(6):423-33. Epub 2011 Nov 4.

[Exploration and approach to artificial airway dysphagia].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, España. afernandezcarmona@hotmail.com

Abstract

Airway isolation by endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy impedes or even interrupts speech and swallowing. Pharyngeal and laryngeal impairment frequently occurs after extubation or de-cannulation, common consequences being dysphonia, dysphagia and the aspiration of oral secretions, food, or fluids. Aspiration often leads to pneumonia and eventually death. Although the literature reports a high frequency of dysphagia following intubation and tracheostomy, the data vary considerably, and the true incidence of oropharyngeal dysphagia following artificial airway isolation remains to be established. We conducted a systematic review of the available evidence, in order to assess oropharyngeal dysphagia physiology, diagnosis and treatment.

PMID:
22055775
DOI:
10.1016/j.medin.2011.09.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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