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Pest Manag Sci. 2012 Apr;68(4):634-8. doi: 10.1002/ps.2307. Epub 2011 Nov 2.

Identifying the presence of neonicotinoidresistant peach-potato aphid (Myzus persicae) in the peach-growing regions of southern France and northern Spain.

Author information

1
Syngenta Crop Protection, Werk Stein, Stein, Switzerland. russell.slater@syngenta.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The neonicotinoid class of insecticides is a key component of pest management strategies used by stone fruit producers in Europe. Neonicotinoids are currently one of the most important tools for control of the peach-potato aphid (Myzus persicae). Overreliance on neonicotinoids has led to the development of resistance through a combination of metabolic and target-site resistance mechanisms in individual aphids. A resistance monitoring project was conducted by Syngenta in 2010 to determine the resistance status of M. persicae populations collected from France and Spain, and to determine the frequency of the target-site mutation in those populations.

RESULTS:

Resistance monitoring suggests that resistance to neonicotinoids is relatively widespread in populations of M. persicae collected from peach orchards in the Languedoc-Roussillon, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur and Rhone-Alpes regions of France, and resistance can be associated with the frequency of the target-site mutation (R81T). The R81T mutation in its heterozygous form is also present in Spanish populations and is associated with neonicotinoid resistance.

CONCLUSION:

The widespread nature of neonicotinoid resistance in southern France and the potential for resistance development in northern Spain highlight the need for a coordinated management strategy employing insecticides with different modes of action to reduce the selection pressure with neonicotinoids.

PMID:
22052736
DOI:
10.1002/ps.2307
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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