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Pediatr Nephrol. 2012 Aug;27(8):1257-63. doi: 10.1007/s00467-011-2042-3. Epub 2011 Nov 3.

Immunizations in children with chronic kidney disease.

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Pediatric Nephrology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 200 North Wolfe Street, Room 3065, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.


Children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk for vaccine-preventable diseases. These patients may have a reduced response to and/or reduced duration of antibody after immunization and therefore monitoring of antibody levels or titers is indicated for some vaccines. In addition, pediatric CKD patients require immunizations not routinely provided to healthy children. Unfortunately, studies in pediatric CKD patients, including those on dialysis and awaiting kidney transplantation, have demonstrated sub-optimal immunization rates. In order to minimize the risk for vaccine-preventable disease in pediatric CKD patients, it is imperative that all who care for these patients remain abreast of the recommended childhood immunization schedule, as well as alterations to this schedule required for children with CKD, including end-stage kidney disease. This article reviews recent changes to the recommended childhood immunization schedule and alterations and additions to this schedule recommended for children with CKD. Where available, data on antibody response to immunizations in children with CKD are presented.

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