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Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2012 Jan;43(1):16-21. doi: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2011.09.017. Epub 2011 Nov 2.

Evaluation of radiation during EVAR performed on a mobile C-arm.

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Department of Vascular Surgery and Radiology, Hôpital Cardiologique, CHRU de Lille, France.



The aim of this study was to evaluate radiation exposure during aortic endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) on a mobile C-arm using a low dose and pulse mode.


We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database on patients undergoing EVAR. Indirect dose measurements of dose area product (DAP, mGy m²) calculated by the C-arm (OEC 9900MD), fluoroscopic time (FT), type of procedure, contrast media volume and body mass index were analysed. To confirm the correlation between direct and indirect DAP measurements, direct dose was measured with radiochromic films on a sample of 15 patients. Film grey level response was calibrated according to a reference dose measurement performed with a calibrated dosimeter. DAP and peak skin dose (PSD, Gy) were measured on each film. Correlation between DAP from direct and indirect measures, and between DAP and PSD, were analysed.


From January 2009 to April 2011, 335 patients underwent EVAR. Complete data were available on 301 procedures including 188 bifurcated, 54 fenestrated, 28 thoracic, 20 branched and 11 aorto-uni-iliac endografts implantation. The respective median FT and DAP was 9.36 min (1.8-67) and 3 mGy m(2) (0.4-28); 27.2 min (2-69) and 7.3 mGy m(2) (1.2-29); 7.75 min (1.2-19.1) and 2 mGy m(2) (0.3-11); 42.98 min (2.4-95.4) and 15.95 mGy m(2) (2.98-77.7); 6.2 min (0.5-36.3) and 2 mGy m(2) (0.3-11). Direct DAP measurement on radiochromic films was strongly correlated with DAP values provided by the C-arm (r = 0.98). PSD correlated weakly with DAP. DAP was significantly increased (p < 0.001) in patients with a body mass index >30. Contrast media volume was significantly increased in the branched endograft group.


Indirect DAP values measured by the C-arm are accurate to evaluate radiation exposure. Compared to the literature, our values for standard procedures are significantly decreased by the usage of low dose and pulse mode. DAP for fenestrated and branched procedures was comparable to published DAP values with standard procedures using a regular fluoroscopic mode.

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