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Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2011 Dec;12(17):2641-55. doi: 10.1517/14656566.2011.628936. Epub 2011 Nov 3.

Prevention and management of transplant-associated diabetes.

Author information

1
Oslo University Hospital Rikshospitalet, Section of Nephrology, Department of Organ Transplantation, Oslo, Norway. trond.jenssen@ous-hf.no

Erratum in

  • Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2012 Jan;13(1):147.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

New-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) is considered to be a major cause of cardiovascular disease and death among patients with a functioning allograft. A major challenge is to reduce the incidence of NODAT and to treat it optimally once it has occurred.

AREAS COVERED:

This review presents current data on how to prevent NODAT in patients at risk, with a focus on modifications in the immunosuppressive regimen. Current suggestions for detection and treatment of NODAT are also presented.

EXPERT OPINION:

Prevention of NODAT is possible by assessing the patient's glycemic risk prior to transplantation and tailoring the treatment (e.g., choice and dosage of immunosuppressive agents) after transplantation. An oral glucose tolerance test is still the gold standard to detect NODAT in patients at risk (prediabetes) but algorithms can be used to select those who should be tested. The treatment of NODAT involves a broad approach on risk factors for cardiovascular events and graft loss. Future studies on the use of oral hypoglycemic agents in NODAT are still needed.

PMID:
22047007
DOI:
10.1517/14656566.2011.628936
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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