Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
BMC Infect Dis. 2011 Nov 2;11:304. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-11-304.

Risk of infections in bronchiectasis during disease-modifying treatment and biologics for rheumatic diseases.

Author information

1
Paris Descartes University, Medicine Faculty, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Rheumatology B Department, Cochin Hospital, Paris France. ggeri92@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Bronchiectasis is frequently associated (up to 30%) with chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases and leads to lower respiratory tract infections. Data are lacking on the risk of lower respiratory tract infections in patients treated with biologic agents.

METHODS:

Monocenter, retrospective systematic study of all patients with a chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease and concomitant bronchiectasis, seen between 2000 and 2009. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evidence predictive factors of the number of infectious respiratory events.

RESULTS:

47 patients were included (mean age 64.1±9.1 years, 33 (70.2%) women), with a mean follow-up per patient of 4.3±3.1 years. Rheumatoid arthritis was the main rheumatic disease (90.1%). The mean number of infectious events was 0.8±1.0 event per patient-year. The factors predicting infections were the type of treatment (biologic vs. non biologic disease-modifying treatments), with an odds ratio of 8.7 (95% confidence interval: 1.7-43.4) and sputum colonization by any bacteria (odds ratio 7.4, 2.0-26.8). In multivariate analysis, both factors were independently predictive of infections.

CONCLUSION:

Lower respiratory tract infectious events are frequent among patients receiving biologics for chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease associated with bronchiectasis. Biologic treatment and pre-existing sputum colonization are independent risk factors of infection occurrence.

Comment in

PMID:
22046967
PMCID:
PMC3229465
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2334-11-304
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center