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Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2011 Nov;41(6):1239-59. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2011.08.008.

North American snake envenomation in the dog and cat.

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Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Oklahoma State University, 1 Farm Road-BVMTH, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA.


Snake envenomation can be a cause of significant morbidity in dogs and cats in North America. Being familiar with the venomous snakes in your area and understanding the mechanisms of action of their venom will allow for successful treatment of envenomation cases. Treatment of snake envenomation revolves around supportive care in mild to moderate cases and venom neutralization with antivenom in severe cases. Dogs and cats envenomated by North American snakes have a good prognosis if treated appropriately.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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