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Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2011 Mar;93(2):157-61. doi: 10.1308/003588411X561044.

Intraoperative red blood cell salvage and autologous transfusion during open radical retropubic prostatectomy: a cost-benefit analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Southport District and General Hospital, Southport, Merseyside, UK. sarv21@hotmail.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Open radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) has an average blood loss of over 1,000 ml. This has been reported even from high volume centres of excellence. We have looked at the clinical and financial benefits of using intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) as a method of reducing the autologous blood transfusion requirements for our RRP patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Group A comprised 25 consecutive patients who underwent RRP immediately prior to the acquisition of a cell saver machine. Group B consisted of the next 25 consecutive patients undergoing surgery using the Dideco Electa (Sorin Group, Italy) cell saver machine. Blood transfusion costs for both groups were calculated and compared.

RESULTS:

The mean postoperative haemoglobin was similar in both groups (11.1 gm/dl in Group A and 11.4 gm/dl in Group B). All Group B patients received autologous blood (average 506 ml, range: 103-1,023 ml). In addition, 5 patients (20%) in Group B received a group total of 16 units (average 0.6 units) of homologous blood. For Group A the total cost of transfusing the 69 units of homologous blood was estimated as £9,315, based on a per blood unit cost of £135. This cost did not include consumables or nursing costs.

CONCLUSIONS:

We found no evidence that autologous transfusions increased the risk of early biochemical relapse or of disease dissemination. ICS reduced our dependence on donated homologous blood.

PMID:
22041147
PMCID:
PMC3293313
DOI:
10.1308/003588411X561044
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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