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Scand J Gastroenterol. 1990 Jul;25(7):761-8.

Myoelectric and manometric patterns of human rectosigmoid colon in irritable bowel syndrome and diverticulosis.

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Dept. of Internal Medicine, University of Marburg, FRG.


Rectosigmoid electric control activity and intraluminal pressure were measured in the fasting state and after a standard 3040-kJ meal in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients (n = 41), diverticulosis patients (n = 15), and healthy controls (n = 13). Analysis of myoelectric and motor patterns was performed computer-based with home-made software. Spectral analysis (fast Fourier transform) and computer recognition of slow waves emulating visual scoring showed very similar slow-wave frequency patterns in all three groups. Calculation of contractile indices displayed a widely scattered variable of motility in all three groups without significant differences. IBS subgroups with different bowel patterns showed very similar frequencies of basic myoelectric rhythm and a considerable overlap of contractile activity without significant differences among the subgroups and compared with controls. Slow-wave rhythm seems unlikely to be the basis of disturbed motility in IBS and diverticular disease. A specific pattern of contractile activity was not detectable in either condition.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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