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Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris). 2011 Dec;60(6):354-60. doi: 10.1016/j.ancard.2011.09.005. Epub 2011 Oct 14.

[Renal artery denervation for treating refractory hypertension].

[Article in French]

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Groupes ICV-GVM la Roseraie Aubervilliers, France.


Arterial hypertension is a major healthcare issue affecting between 30 and 40% of the adult population in industrialized countries. Despite the availability of numerous pharmaceutical treatments, arterial hypertension often remains uncontrolled. A non-negligible percentage of patients are refractory to multiple-drug therapy, which exposes them to an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Percutaneous, renal denervation using a catheter connected to a low energy radiofrequency generator has proven effective in decreasing arterial pressure in patients resistant to medical therapy, by reducing afferent nerve activity. In order to be eligible for this therapeutic approach, patients must have uncontrolled essential hypertension despite treatment with a combination of three anti-hypertensive drugs including a diuretic agent, and ≥ 45mL/min glomerular filtration rate. The initial registry study demonstrated that catheter-based sympathetic renal denervation was a simple and safe procedure resulting in a significant and durable reduction in arterial pressure. Subsequently, a randomized controlled trial (the Symplicity HTN-2 trial) showed a mean 32/12 mmHg decrease in blood pressure measurements in the group of patients who underwent renal denervation whereas no difference was observed in the control group. The reduction in blood pressure was still present at 24-month follow-up. No procedure-related complications were reported and no instances of renal artery stenosis or aneurysmal dilatation were evidenced during the follow-up period. No cases of renal function impairment or deterioration were recorded. This technique seems to be a promising strategy in patients suffering from this serious condition. In order to demonstrate the actual benefit of this technique, we report the case of two patients who underwent renal denervation in our institution.

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