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PLoS One. 2011;6(10):e26393. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0026393. Epub 2011 Oct 19.

Presence of cartilage stem/progenitor cells in adult mice auricular perichondrium.

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1
Department of Regenerative Medicine, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Based on evidence from several other tissues, cartilage stem/progenitor cells in the auricular cartilage presumably contribute to tissue development or homeostasis of the auricle. However, no definitive studies have identified or characterized a stem/progenitor population in mice auricle.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

The 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) label-retaining technique was used to label dividing cells in fetal mice. Observations one year following the labeling revealed that label-retaining cells (LRCs) were present specifically in auricular perichondrium at a rate of 0.08±0.06%, but LRCs were not present in chondrium. Furthermore, LRCs were successfully isolated and cultivated from auricular cartilage. Immunocytochemical analyses showed that LRCs express CD44 and integrin-α(5). These LRCs, putative stem/progenitor cells, possess clonogenicity and chondrogenic capability in vitro.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

We have identified a population of putative cartilage stem/progenitor cells in the auricular perichondrium of mice. Further characterization and utilization of the cell population should improve our understanding of basic cartilage biology and lead to advances in cartilage tissue engineering and novel therapeutic strategies for patients with craniofacial defects, including long-term tissue restoration.

PMID:
22039478
PMCID:
PMC3198405
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0026393
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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