Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Steroids. 2012 Jan;77(1-2):52-8. doi: 10.1016/j.steroids.2011.10.005. Epub 2011 Oct 20.

Improved prediction of all-cause mortality by a combination of serum total testosterone and insulin-like growth factor I in adult men.

Author information

1
Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Ernst Moritz Arndt University, Greifswald, Germany. nele.friedrich@uni-greifswald.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Lower levels of anabolic hormones in older age are well documented. Several studies suggested that low insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) or testosterone levels were related to increased mortality. The aim of the present study was to investigate the combined influence of low IGF-I and low testosterone on all-cause mortality in men.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

From two German prospective cohort studies, the DETECT study and SHIP, 3942 men were available for analyses. During 21,838 person-years of follow-up, 8.4% (n=330) of men died. Cox model analyses with age as timescale and adjusted for potential confounders revealed that men with levels below the 10th percentile of at least one hormone [hazard ratio (HR) 1.38 (95% confidence-interval (CI) 1.06-1.78), p=0.02] and two hormones [HR 2.88 (95% CI 1.32-6.29), p<0.01] showed a higher risk of all-cause mortality compared to men with non-low hormones. The associations became non-significant by using the 20th percentile as cut-off showing that the specificity increased with lower cut-offs for decreased hormone levels. The inclusion of both IGF-I and total testosterone in a mortality prediction model with common risk factors resulted in a significant integrated discrimination improvement of 0.5% (95% CI 0.3-0.7%, p=0.03).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results prove that multiple anabolic deficiencies have a higher impact on mortality than a single anabolic deficiency and suggest that assessment of more than one anabolic hormone as a biomarker improve the prediction of all-cause mortality.

PMID:
22037276
DOI:
10.1016/j.steroids.2011.10.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center