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Virus Res. 2012 Jan;163(1):262-8. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2011.10.010. Epub 2011 Oct 20.

A new grapevine virus discovered by deep sequencing of virus- and viroid-derived small RNAs in Cv Pinot gris.

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Dipartimento di Biologia e Chimica Agroforestale ed Ambientale, Università degli Studi di Bari ed Istituto di Virologia Vegetale del CNR UOS-Bari, via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy.


Field symptoms of chlorotic mottling and leaf deformations were observed on the cv Pinot gris (PG) in the Trentino region (Italy). Extensive assays excluded the presence of widely distributed nepo-, ampelo- and vitiviruses. An analysis of small RNA populations from two PG grapevines showing or not symptoms was carried out by Illumina high throughput sequencing. The study disclosed the virus and viroids contents of the two vines that was composed by Grapevine rupestris stem pitting-associated virus (GRSPaV), two viroids Hop stunt viroid (HSVd) and Grapevine yellow speckle viroid 1 (GYSVd1), the marafiviruses Grapevine rupestris vein feathering virus (GRVFV) and Grapevine Syrah virus 1 (GSyV-1), and a hitherto unrecorded virus. This virus had a genome organization identical to that of Grapevine berry inner necrosis virus (GINV), a trichovirus reported only from Japan, with which it grouped in phylogenetic trees constructed with sequences of the RdRp domain and the coat protein gene. However, molecular differences with GINV are wide enough to warrant classification of the virus in question as a new species, for which the provisional name of Grapevine Pinot gris virus (GPGV) is proposed. A limited field survey for the presence of GPGV in diseased and symptomless plants from three different cultivars did not allow to clearly associating the virus to the observed symptoms.

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