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J Surg Res. 2012 May 15;174(2):215-21. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2011.09.028. Epub 2011 Oct 11.

Perioperative surgical care bundle reduces pancreaticoduodenectomy wound infections.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Jefferson Pancreas, Biliary and Related Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA. harish.lavu@jefferson.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a complex surgical procedure with a historically high morbidity rate. The goal of this study was to determine if the implementation of a 12-measure perioperative surgical care bundle (SCB) was successful in reducing infectious and other complications in patients undergoing PD compared with a routine preoperative preparation group (RPP).

METHODS:

In this retrospective cohort study utilizing the HPB surgery database at the Thomas Jefferson University, we analyzed clinical data from 233 consecutive PDs from October 2005 to May 2008 on patients who underwent RPP, and compared them with 233 consecutive PDs from May 2008 to May 2010 following the implementation of the SCB. The SCB was the product of multidisciplinary discussion and extensive literature review.

RESULTS:

The RPP group and the SCB group had similar demographic characteristics. The overall rate of postoperative morbidity was similar between groups (42.1% versus 37.8%). However, wound infections were significantly lower in the SCB group (15.0% versus 7.7%, P = 0.01).The rates of other common complications, as well as postoperative hospital length of stay, readmissions, and 30-d postoperative mortality were similar between groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

The implementation of a SCB was followed by a significant decline in wound infection in patients undergoing PD.

PMID:
22036201
DOI:
10.1016/j.jss.2011.09.028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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