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Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2000 Mar;2(1):63-9.

After the MV Estonia ferry disaster A Swedish nationwide survey of the relatives of the MV Estonia victims.

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Psychiatric Clinic, Ersta Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


Just after midnight on the 28th of September 1994, the Estonian-flagged ro-ro passenger ferry MV Estonia was shipwrecked on its route between Tallinn and Stockholm. Out of about 1000 persons on board only 137 survived. This paper describes the work that the Psychiatric Clinic at Ersta Hospital performed with the relatives of the MV Estonia victims after the disaster, in addition, we present data from seven consecutive Swedish nationwide surveys based on a questionnaire, which started as a correspondence between the hospital and the relatives of the Estonia victims. Findings concerning the care relatives received and issues regarding their collaboration with the decisionmaking authorities are presented. The importance of inviting the relatives to participate in discussions concerning the Estonia victims is stressed.


coping; disaster at sea; grief response; posttraumatic stress disorder; relative; survivor

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