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Am J Clin Pathol. 2011 Nov;136(5):696-704. doi: 10.1309/AJCP7UBK8IBVMVNR.

Analysis of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine serum concentrations in patients with multiple sclerosis by using a multiplexed immunoassay.

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ARUP Institute for Clinical and Experimental Pathology, 500 Chipeta Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA.


We examined cytokines and other inflammatory markers in serum samples from 833 patients with multiple sclerosis and 117 healthy control subjects. A multiplexed immunoassay was used to assess the concentrations of 13 cytokines/inflammatory markers: interferon (IFN)-γ; interleukins (ILs)-1β, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 13; tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α; IL-2 receptor; and soluble CD40 ligand. Significant increases between patients and control subjects were found for IFN-γ (mean, 7.5 vs 0.4 pg/mL; P = .0002), IL-2 (mean 5.7 vs 1.0 pg/mL; P =.0002), IL-1β (mean, 23.0 vs 11.3 pg/mL; P ≤ .0001), TNF-α (mean, 4.1 vs 1.2 pg/mL; P = .01), IL-4 (mean, 1.4 vs 0.1 pg/mL; P ≤ .0001), IL-10 (mean, 16.8 vs 7.5 pg/mL; P = .03), and IL-13 (mean, 4.5 vs 0.8 pg/mL; P ≤ .0001). Profiling cytokines in multiple sclerosis may help to identify mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of the disease, aid in monitoring the disease course and in evaluating responses to specific therapies, and, potentially, lead to new therapies directed at cytokines or their receptors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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