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Prog Brain Res. 1990;83:371-90.

Seizures, neuropeptide regulation, and mRNA expression in the hippocampus.

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1
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of California, Irvine 92717.

Abstract

Recent studies have demonstrated that the regulation of neuropeptide expression in forebrain neurons is responsive to external influences including changes in physiological activity. This has been demonstrated most clearly in studies of hippocampus where the synthesis and resting levels of several neuropeptides, localized within well-characterized components of hippocampal circuitry, have been shown to be selectively influenced by seizure activity. In studies described here, we examined the influence of recurrent limbic seizures on the expression of enkephalin, dynorphin, cholecystokinin, and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in rat and mouse hippocampus using immunohistochemical, in situ hybridization and blot hybridization techniques. The data demonstrate that seizures differentially influence the expression of each peptide as a part of a broader cascade of changes in genomic expression within individual hippocampal neurons. In particular, seizures increase preproenkephalin mRNA and enkephalin peptide but decrease dynorphin peptide in the dentate gyrus granule cell/mossy fiber system. Seizure-induced decreases in the concentration of preprodynorphin mRNA in the granule cells have been reported by others. Immunoreactivity for CCK, which is codistributed with the opioid peptides in the mossy fiber system of mouse, is also dramatically reduced in the granule cell axons by seizure. Recurrent seizures induce two temporally distinct changes in NPY expression in hippocampus. First, there is an increase in hybridization to preproNPY mRNA within scattered, probable local circuit neurons in all subfields. This is followed by the seemingly novel appearance of preproNPY mRNA within the dentate gyrus granule cells and pyramidal cells of field CA1. Clues about mechanisms of neuropeptide regulation have come from observations of other, more rapid, transcriptional events induced by seizure. Most notably, our results and those of others demonstrate that seizures increase the expression of messenger RNAs from immediate-early genes (c-fos, c-jun, and NGFI-A) which encode proteins that may mediate neuropeptide gene regulation. In addition, mRNA for nerve growth factor is dramatically increased in the dentate gyrus granule cells by seizure; increased production of this trophic factor might mediate the more delayed changes in genomic expression and growth responses observed to occur in hippocampus and other forebrain areas following seizure activity.

PMID:
2203104
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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