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Rev Salud Publica (Bogota). 2011 Jun;13(3):458-69.

[The effect of an elderly people caregivers' educational program: a cultural perspective].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. vvelasquez@bt.unal.edu.co

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Determining the effect of implementing a culturally-based educational program for caregivers working with the elderly in conditions of disability and poverty in a sector of Bogota, Colombia; perceived health, family functioning, caregiver burden and depression were the variables of interest.

METHODS:

This was a quasi-experimental study, involving using pre-test and post-test;56 family caregivers participated: 37 in the experimental group and 19 in the control group. The educational program consisted of six group sessions with a 30-day interval. Each session had five phases: sensitization, culturally-appropriate information, decision-making, commitment to action and closure. These were led by a nurse who was an expert in gerontology-geriatrics and transcultural nursing. Several scales were applied: self-perception of health, family Apgar, caregiver burden and depression scale.

RESULTS:

The culturally-based educational program had statistically significant effects on the variables being considered: family functioning (T=2.506; p=0.015) and caregiver burden (p=-2.149 T=0.036). Self-perception of health and depression revealed no statistically significant differences.

DISCUSSION:

Health education activities addressed from a cultural approach may lead to co-creating therapeutic diversity arising from dialogue and mediation between popular and professional knowledge. It could be a key against the lack of success in users' adherence to health facilities and treatment.

PMID:
22030998
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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