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Acta Cir Bras. 2011;26 Suppl 2:15-9.

Contraceptive effect of Uncaria tomentosa (cat's claw) in rats with experimental endometriosis.

Author information

1
Unit of Endometriosis and Surgical Laboratory, HU-UFMA, Maranhao,Brazil. j.nogueira.n@uol.com.br

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Evaluate the histological changes in parenchyma's epithelial layer of the uterus and ovarian of rats with induced endometriosis, treated with Uncaria tomentosa extract.

METHODS:

29 rats with experimental endometriosis, were selected and divided in three groups: The uncaria group received 32 mg/ml of Uncaria tomentosa extract, 1 ml administered daily and the placebo group received 1 ml of saline 0.9% per day, during for 14 days (both groups); the leuprolide group received leuprolide acetate 1mg/kg body weight applied single subcutaneous dose. In the 15th day of treatment the uterine horn and ovaries were removed for histopathological analysis.

RESULTS:

The uncaria group presented nine samples (90%) with immature ovarian follicles, whereas the placebo group did not present any case and in the leuprolide group there were eight rats (88%) with the same change. The placebo group showed mature corpus luteum in all animals, occurring less frequent in uncaria (10%) and leuprolide (22%) groups. The uterine epithelium showed weak proliferative in nine (90%) samples of the uncaria group, in two (20%) animals in the placebo group and seven (77.8%) rats in the leuprolide group.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings suggest that Uncaria tomentosa has contraceptive effect.

PMID:
22030809
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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