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Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Dec;94(6):1632-42. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.111.020099. Epub 2011 Oct 26.

Multisector intervention to accelerate reductions in child stunting: an observational study from 9 sub-Saharan African countries.

Author information

1
The Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. rremans@ei.columbia.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In sub-Saharan Africa, ~ 40% of children <5 y old are stunted, with levels that have remained largely unchanged over the past 2 decades. Although the complex determinants of undernutrition are well recognized, few studies have evaluated strategies that combine nutrition-specific, health-based approaches with food system- and livelihood-based interventions.

OBJECTIVE:

We examined changes in childhood stunting and its determinants after 3 y of exposure to an integrated, multisector intervention and compared these changes with national trends.

DESIGN:

A prospective observational trial was conducted across rural sites in 9 sub-Saharan African countries with baseline levels of childhood stunting >20%. A stratified random sample of households and resident children <2 y old from villages exposed to the program were enrolled in the study. Main outcome measures included principal determinants of undernutrition and childhood stunting, which was defined as a height-for-age z score less than -2. National trends in stunting were generated from demographic and health surveys.

RESULTS:

Three years after the start of the program in 2005-2006, consistent improvements were observed in household food security and diet diversity, whereas coverage with child care and disease-control interventions improved for most outcomes. The prevalence of stunting in children <2 y old at year 3 of the program (2008-2009) was 43% lower (adjusted OR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.38, 0.83) than at baseline. The average national stunting prevalence for the countries included in the study had remained largely unchanged over the past 2 decades.

CONCLUSION:

These findings provide encouraging evidence that a package of multisector interventions has the potential to produce reductions in childhood stunting.

PMID:
22030229
DOI:
10.3945/ajcn.111.020099
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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