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Photomed Laser Surg. 2012 Jan;30(1):54-60. doi: 10.1089/pho.2011.3073. Epub 2011 Oct 26.

670 nm laser light and EGCG complementarily reduce amyloid-β aggregates in human neuroblastoma cells: basis for treatment of Alzheimer's disease?

Author information

1
Institute of Micro and Nanomaterials, Nanobionic Laboratory, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany. andrei.sommer@uni-ulm.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the present study is to present the results of in vitro experiments with possible relevance in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD).

BACKGROUND DATA:

Despite intensive research efforts, there is no treatment for AD. One root cause of AD is the extra- and intracellular deposition of amyloid-beta (Aβ) fibrils in the brain. Recently, it was shown that extracellular Aβ can enter brain cells, resulting in neurotoxicity.

METHODS:

After internalization of Aβ(42) into human neuroblastoma (SH-EP) cells, they were irradiated with moderately intense 670-nm laser light (1000 Wm(-2)) and/or treated with epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG).

RESULTS:

In irradiated cells, Aβ(42) aggregate amounts were significantly lower than in nonirradiated cells. Likewise, in EGCG-treated cells, Aβ(42) aggregate amounts were significantly lower than in non-EGCG-treated cells. Except for the cells simultaneously laden with Aβ(42) and EGCG, there was a significant increase in cell numbers in response to laser irradiation. EGCG alone had no effect on cell proliferation. Laser irradiation significantly increased ATP levels in Aβ(42)-free cells, when compared to nonirradiated cells. Laser-induced clearance of Aβ(42) aggregates occurred at the expense of cellular ATP.

CONCLUSIONS:

Irradiation with moderate levels of 670-nm light and EGCG supplementation complementarily reduces Aβ aggregates in SH-EP cells. Transcranial penetration of moderate levels of red to near-infrared (NIR) light has already been amply exploited in the treatment of patients with acute stroke; the blood-brain barrier (BBB) penetration of EGCG has been demonstrated in animals. We hope that our approach will inspire a practical therapy for AD.

PMID:
22029866
DOI:
10.1089/pho.2011.3073
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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