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Eplasty. 2011;11:e37. Epub 2011 Sep 15.

Shock wave treatment in composite tissue allotransplantation.



Composite tissue allotransplantation is a newly emerged field of transplantation. Shock wave technology has already been used in the treatment of urologic and orthopedic disorders. Recent studies demonstrated a suppression of the early proinflammatory immune response.


50 allogeneic hindlimb transplantations were performed on rats in 5 different groups. Group A (n = 10), (Lewis → Brown-Norway) received 500 impulses of extracorporeal shock wave. Groups B, C, D, and E served as control groups with group B (n = 10) receiving no immunosuppression, group C (n = 10) receiving FK506 and prednisolone, group D (n = 10) receiving no immunosuppression with isograft transplantations (Brown-Norway → Brown-Norway) and group E receiving 500 impulses of extracorporeal shock wave on the contralateral hindlimb.


Rejection of the allogeneic hindlimb occurred on average 7.12 days after transplantation in group A (extracorporeal shock wave). Rejection was significantly delayed compared to the control groups B (no immunosuppression) and E (contralateral hindlimb), where rejection of the allogeneic hindlimb occurred on average 5.49 and 5.6 days after transplantation (t test, P < .01). No rejection was seen in groups C and D.


For the first time, shock waves have been applied in a composite tissue allotransplantation model and resulted in a significant immunosuppressive effect. These promising first results have showed that shock wave treatment is clinically relevant in composite tissue allotransplantation and justify subsequent research to improve the experimental and clinical outcome.

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