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PLoS One. 2011;6(10):e26625. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0026625. Epub 2011 Oct 20.

Cyclic ADP ribose-dependent Ca2+ release by group I metabotropic glutamate receptors in acutely dissociated rat hippocampal neurons.

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Department of Physiology and Biomembrane Plasticity Research Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (group I mGluRs; mGluR1 and mGluR5) exert diverse effects on neuronal and synaptic functions, many of which are regulated by intracellular Ca(2+). In this study, we characterized the cellular mechanisms underlying Ca(2+) mobilization induced by (RS)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG; a specific group I mGluR agonist) in the somata of acutely dissociated rat hippocampal neurons using microfluorometry. We found that DHPG activates mGluR5 to mobilize intracellular Ca(2+) from ryanodine-sensitive stores via cyclic adenosine diphosphate ribose (cADPR), while the PLC/IP(3) signaling pathway was not involved in Ca(2+) mobilization. The application of glutamate, which depolarized the membrane potential by 28.5±4.9 mV (n = 4), led to transient Ca(2+) mobilization by mGluR5 and Ca(2+) influx through L-type Ca(2+) channels. We found no evidence that mGluR5-mediated Ca(2+) release and Ca(2+) influx through L-type Ca(2+) channels interact to generate supralinear Ca(2+) transients. Our study provides novel insights into the mechanisms of intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization by mGluR5 in the somata of hippocampal neurons.

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